http://joaasr.com/index.php/joaasr/issue/feed JOURNAL OF ADVANCED APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 2022-09-26T14:01:39+00:00 Editorial Manager emanagerjoaasr@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of advanced applied scientific research (JOAASR) is an entrenched podium for scientific exchange among applied scientific research. The journal aims to publish papers dealing with novel experimental and theoretical aspects of applied scientific research. The focus is on fundamental and advance papers that understanding of applied scientific research. JOAASR incorporates innovations of the novel theoretical and experimental approaches on the quantitative, qualitative and modeling of advanced scientific concepts.</p> http://joaasr.com/index.php/joaasr/article/view/238 Green facile synthesis of Ag-doped ZnO nanoparticles from Gymnema sylvestre leaf extract and investigation of their Antibacterial activity 2022-04-22T09:37:14+00:00 karthikeyan M karthichemist10@gmail.com Dr. P. Vijayakumar pdvijayjmc@gmail.com A. Jafar Ahamed agjafar@gmail.com A. Ravikumar ravichemscience@gmail.com B. Ragavi ragavibaskar1917@gmail.com <h1>The unique characteristics of the green synthesis pathway have opened the way for a new field of scientific investigation. The current study used green chemistry methodologies to produce pure zinc oxide (ZnO) (G1) and silver doped zinc oxide (Ag doped ZnO) (G2) nanoparticles (NPs) using <em>Gymnema sylvestre</em> (<em>G. sylvestre</em>) leaf extract as a reducing as well as capping agent. XRD, FESEM, EDAX, and FT-IR investigations were used to investigate the structural characterization of G1 and G2 NPs. The UV–Vis and PL analyses were used to examine the optical characteristics. The results clearly reveal that the leaf extract is the best possible stabilizing agent for the manufacture of G1 and G2 NPs, and that the generated nanoparticles operate as potent microbial agents, inhibiting the growth of a variety of dangerous microbes. Due to their eco–friendly and non–toxic compatibility, the prepared G1 and G2 NPs can be employed for therapeutic and other purposes.</h1> 2022-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JOURNAL OF ADVANCED APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH http://joaasr.com/index.php/joaasr/article/view/268 Annotations and suggestions on elephant proof trenches to reduce human elephant conflicts in Coimbatore forest division South India 2022-05-11T04:08:11+00:00 salahudeen salaonmail@gmail.com Asaikutti A saveyanai@gmail.com Gunasekaran C chrisguna@gmail.com Rajasekar P rajasekar275@gmail.com Siva T sivanaturewild@gmail.com <p>The structural backbone of India is agriculture. Agriculture encounters more conflicts and one among them is the human-elephant conflict. Traditional agricultural system is declining due to modernisation and urbanization and all the forest covers are being converted into human areas. Reduce forest cover and irregular rainfall and drastic climatic changes are much influencing the animals especially the elephants to enter into the human areas for food and water leading to human-elephant conflict. Though the State government and Forest department are necessary steps to trim down the elephant invading issues in Coimbatore forest division, the problem is still persisting. One best solution to calm down the upshot is the Elephant proof trench method. The present study found 510 damaged trenches by Foot survey method, analysed the effectiveness of Elephant Proof Trench (EPT) by Questionnaire method from the village people in the vicinity of forest fringes and collected all previous available conflict data from the forest department.</p> <p>Major human-elephant conflict incidences happened during March and October, high during the rainy seasons. Possibly elephants prefer to raid crops during these seasons for accessing sodium and minerals found in the crops. The present study reveals that Elephant Proof Trench reduced 73% of the elephant visits and 58% of crop damages. We also found EPT minimised the economic loss (58%), human deaths (75%) and elephant death incidences (82%) in the Coimbatore forest division. The minimum loss noted was also only because of the poorly maintained trenches. Hence, it is clear that, effectiveness of the Elephant Proof Trench will be most reliable, if trenches are maintained in a well regular manner. These results will help in the better conservation planning and management of forest ecosystem in future which will not have the human elephant conflicts again.</p> <p><em>Key words: Elephant proof trench, Human elephant conflict, Forest&nbsp;&nbsp; ecosystem, Agriculture</em></p> 2022-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 JOURNAL OF ADVANCED APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH